Saga of the Stroud Family
Thomas Stroud, the First Settler of Crawford County, Indiana
by Lance Stroud
What is now Crawford County, Indiana, was part of the land northwest of the Ohio River which had been visited by George Washington to ascertain by what means it could be most effectively bound to the Union. By the Ordinance of 1785 the land had been surveyed into townships, each six miles square, and offered for sale. It was here that Thomas Stroud and family came 20 years later.
Thomas Stroud was listed as the first settler of Crawford County by a young Crawford County attorney and historian John H. Weather in 1889, after publishing a "Crawford County History". I quote: "There were pioneers in what is now Crawford County---hunters and adventurers were here as early as 1804, among them John Peckinpaugh, but none of them settled permanently in that year. In 1806, quite a number of families came to southern Indiana. One man settled on the Cider Fork of Whiskey Run Creek in what is now Whiskey Run Township. This was Thomas Stroud. He must, therefore, be accounted the first settler of Crawford County, having settled in March 1806."
Other documents which attest to Thomas
Stroud being the first settler of Crawford County.
~ The Generations of the Strode/Stroud Family ~
The early Strode/Stroud history centers on the Cheviot Hills and Tweed River which border southern Scotland and northern England. To be better informed about the family of Stroud and Strode, it is well to know the beginning history of England, which was referred to as Britannia. In those early days being composed of England, Southern Scotland and Wales; with the boundary being between Scotland and Britannia along the Cheviot Hills and the Tweed River. The name Stroud means "marshyland overgrown with brush-wood" according to the book, English Place Names Elements, Part II. There is a difference of opinion as to the origin the name, some say Saxon and other Norman. Regardless of the origin, there are many families of English descent, living in North America today, who are Stroud, or descendents of a family of Stroud or Strode.
The Crest of the Stroud family was: Demi lion couped. Motto: Malo mori quam jaedari, meaning I would rather die than be dishonored. During the seventeenth century there were definitely two different families of Strodes living in England at the same time: The Strodes of Newnham Park, Devon; and The Strodes of Parnham, Dorset and Somersetshire; with two distinct Coat of Arms.
The Strode/Stroud history can be traced back to 1066 A.D. with an original progenitor named Warinus de la Strode who came to England in 1066 A.D. as a warrior of William the Conqueror. It is believed that Warinus de la Strode was present at the Battle of Hastings, on October 14, 1066, when King Harold was slain. Early in King William I (William the Conqueror) reign he dividing the whole Kingdom except the royal demesne, into baronies and bestowing most of them on his Norman followers. Warinus de la Strode, being one of these followers, had a vast estate granted him. Warinus de la Strode obtained an estate upon which he built a commodious manor house and lived there until his death, rearing sons and daughters, although the name of his wife unknown.
Edward Strode (c1629-c1682) and Joan Gunning (born 1639, Bristol, Avon, England) were married in Bristol, Glouscestershire, England, c1657, and had nine children. Edward was the son of William and Joan (Barnard) Strode. William was born in 1589, Shepton Mallet, Somersetshire, England. Joan was born in 1607, Downside, Surrey, England.
Thomas Strode married Elizabeth Hollingsworth. They had six children. In 1722, Thomas and his family settled in New Castle, Delaware, near the Brandywine River with the purchase of 110 acres. Later, the family moved to Kennett, Chester County, Pennsylvania where Abraham Strode/Stroud (1728-1812), the youngest of the six, was born.
(Abraham Stroud was the first of my ancestors to survive beyond British rule in Colonial America. Abraham died in 1812, in Harrison County, Indiana, a free man of the United States of America. He lived near his sons Jesse, John, and Thomas Stroud (1772-1852))
~ Family History of Thomas Stroud and his first wife ~
The name of the first wife of Thomas is unknown. The legend is that she may have drowned while crossing the Ohio River on the trip to Indiana. They had six children.
Until 1968, the cabin remained standing on the Jesse L. (Buddy) and Estell Crecelius farm (now owned by Fred Harbison), and was located northeast of Marengo on Baylor Road. My cousin, Daniel Crecelius, and I would play in the log cabin when we were young boys. The cabin was then relocated, by Lowell and Betty Seacat, on property north of Milltown, near the Blue River where it remains today.
Rial Stroud (c1795- ) was the oldest son of Thomas Stroud and his wife.
Rial married Netty Morgan (c1803- ) on 4 Sep 1822, Switzerland County, Indiana.
In January 1830, father Thomas Stroud deeded 51 acres of land in section 5, to his son Rial for a sum of one hundred dollars. The land was part of the original 1819 deed.
On 1 Oct 1834, Rial purchased 80 acres of land in Section 29, District 1, Ohio and Union townships, Crawford County, Indiana.
The four children of Rial and Netty were John, Malinda, James, and Rial Jr.
Death dates and burial location is unknown for Rial and Netty Stroud.
Abraham Stroud (1803->1880), (the second son of Thomas Stroud) at age 27, lived in Liberty Township, according to Crawford County census.
He married Nursey Aston (1806-<1880), 10 February 1825.
The 1830 through 1860 census indicates the family moved to Whiskey Run township, Crawford County and resided there for next 30 years.
The 1880 census indicates Abraham, at age 76, is living in household of son Allen Stroud, District 29, Sterling township, Crawford County.
Abraham owned many parcels of land during his life time. In 1826, he purchased the following: 1826, 80 acres in section 30; 1833, 40acres in section 28; 1839, 40 acres in section 25. Then in 1841, 40 acres, section 25; 1852, 40 acres, section 26, both in Orange County.
Abraham and Nursey Stroud had 9 children. Burial location for Abraham and Nursey is unknown.
William Stroud (c1805->1850), third son of Thomas.
William married Nancy Jarrold (c1806-c1840), 13 February 1824, Knox, Indiana.
Four children from this union were: John, James Watson, Annel, Nancy Jane.
The 1840-1850 census indicates William living in Whiskey Run township, Crawford County, Indiana. Apparently his wife Nancy has died. Her burial place is unknown.
On 11 January 1841, William married Hannah Moore (1815-1873). William and Hannah had 2 children: Elisha M. and Barnett M. Both sons were casualties of the Civil War.
William, at some point in time after 1850, left Hannah and moved to Effingham County, Illinois, near his brother Thomas Stroud, Jr. The burial location of William is not known.
Hannah Stroud received a pension from the government for the loss of her two sons. She is buried next to her son Elisha and her brother John Moore, in the Walton Cemetery in Washington County, Indiana.
Thomas Jr., married Eliza Aston (1806-1852), 12 May 1827. Both Thomas Jr. and Eliza were born in North Carolina.
According to land records, the couple first home was on 92 acres in Southeast Township, Orange County, Indiana, section 30. In 1840, they sold this property to Benjamin Crandall for five hundred dollars.
They then moved to Louisville, Kentucky, and later, to Arkansas, then Missouri, and finally settled in the vicinity of Lucas Township, Effingham County, Illinois. Apparently his wife Eliza had passed away during this time. Thomas then married his second wife, Irene Sarena Blunt Moody Blakely (1823-1889). They were married 16 May 1859.
There is an interesting story connected to the acquisition of the land in Illinois. It seems that a Mr. Echels had a claim on the land in Lucas Township that Thomas Jr. eventually settled on. A horse had strayed from Mr. Echels and Thomas Jr. offered to find and return it in exchange for the land claim. Mr. Echels accepted the offer. Thomas found the horse, returned it to Mr. Echels, who then gave the land claim to Thomas. Mr. Echels then moved to Indiana with his family.
Thomas Jr. remained on the land and was considered to be an early settler in Effingham County, much as his father Thomas Sr. was in Crawford County, Indiana. Thomas Jr. remained on this farm until 1860. This story is found in the history of Effingham County, Illinois, 1883.
There were fifteen children from his marriage to Eliza:
Delany Stroud (1806-c1839), first daughter of Thomas Stroud and wife.
Delany married James Luther (1806-1856), 13 June 1825, Crawford County, Indiana. The couple made their home in Clay County, Indiana.
The census of 1840,1850, indicates the family still resinding in Harrison township, Clay County.
There were six children of this union: Mahala, Wiliam Riley, Charlotte S. and Ally Louisa Stroud. Names of the remaining children are unknown.
Burial place for James and Delany Luther is unknown.
Charlotte Stroud (c1808- )
Charlotte married William Luther (1805-1864), 23 March 1827, Crawford County, Indiana. William was the brother of James Luther, the husband of Delany Stroud Luther. William was from North Carolina. William and Charlotte Luther made their residence in Clay County, Indiana, as did her sister, Delany Stroud Luther.
There were eight children of this union: Jable, Lucinda, Malinda J., infant, Sarah A., James R., Peter Thomas, and Permelia Stroud.
The burial place of Charlotte is unknown. William is buried at Cole Cemetery in Clay County, Indiana.
~ Family History of Thomas and Jane (Moore) Stroud ~
The second wife of Thomas Stroud was Jane Moore. They were married about 1812, and had eight children. Six of their sons are buried in the Marengo Cemetery, along with Thomas and Jane. Thomas was a farmer throughout his life. He owned several pieces of property in Crawford County suitable for farming. In December, 1818, he served on a jury for the first trial that was held in Crawford County Circuit Court, located in Mt. Sterling.
Riley Stroud (1817-1904), the third son and also a farmer, lived in Liberty township next to his parents, Thomas and Jane.
Riley and Nancy Key Stroud (1820-1919) were married 3 March 1841, Crawford County, Indiana. They had a son, Aniel Stroud (1840-1920).
In the 1850 census, 17 year old James Stroud (son of Rial and Netty Morgan Stroud) was living with Riley and his family.
In the 1880 census, a 14 year old grandson, Eli H. Stroud, was living with Riley and his family. The family had relocated in Liberty township (section 31, NW), on the property that his father, Thomas, had purchased in 1837. This property was near the Orange County line. He lived here for the remainder of his life.
Mr. Riley Stroud, a pioneer of Crawford county who has lived a long life respected by everyone who knows him, died on Tuesday at his home near Marengo. Source: Nov. 10, 1904 pg. 3. Crawford County Democrat Paper. (Indiana State Library Newspaper Division)
Riley and Nancy Stroud are buried in the Marengo Cemetery near other family members. Grave sites are located in the cemetery across the road from the old Big Springs Church.
Sarah Jane Stroud (1819-1880 ) was the first daughter of Thomas and Jane Stroud. In c1836, Sarah married Alexander Barnett (1812-) of Kentucky. They were married in Crawford County, Indiana. The couple then located in Tennessee and in 1838, returned to Crawford County and purchased thirty-nine acres of land in Whiskey Run township, next to her parents.
In the 1850 census, Alexander and Sarah are residing in Orange County, Indiana, and have four children: Stephen born in Tennessee; Mariah J. born in Crawford County; Martha A. born in Crawford County; and Mary E. Stroud born in Southeast township,Orange County. Burial places are unknown.
John Stroud (1820-1876), the 4th son of Thomas and Jane. In 1866, he married Julia A. Cole and they had four children. He was a mercantile business man, farmer, and in the years 1856-1858, he was a constable in Crawford County. In 1871 to 1873, John Stroud was a state senator for the Counties of Crawford, Orange, and Perry.
John and his family lived with his parents, Thomas and Jane Stroud, until the parents death.
In the 1860 census, John and family were living in the Marengo, Indiana area in the home of Rial Stroud. He was listed as a farmer and freemason. In 1870, they resided in Milltown, Indiana.
Julia Cole Stroud was seventeen years younger than John. She was remarried in 1878 to William Daniel.
Henry Stroud (1826-1896) was the fifth son of Thomas and Jane Stroud.
In the 1850 census, Henry is listed as being single at age 24, and was living in Liberty township, Crawford County, Indiana.
Henry and Lucretia Bullington were married 14 Jan 1875, Orange County, Indiana. No children were recorded of this union.
In the 1880 census, the couple resided in Southeast township, Orange County.
Henry Stroud is buried in the new section of the Marengo cemetery, near other brothers. The burial place for Lucretia is unknown.
Lucinda Stroud (1830-1903) the second daughter.
On 10 April 1856, Lucinda married Alexander P. Trotter (1828-1912) of Augusta, Virginia. They were married in Crawford County and resided near Milltown, Crawford County, Indiana. The couple had 2 children: John T.B. and Sarah Amelia J.
The couple is buried in the new section of Marengo Cemetery, near other members of the Stroud family.
Joab Stroud (1831-1891) the sixth son, lived in Liberty township near Marengo, Indiana.
On 12 June 1853, Joab and Sarah A. Bosley (1834-1869) were married in Washington County, Indiana. In 1860, the couple had a daughter: Leona R. Stroud. Joab was known for his political interests within Crawford County. On 26 December 1891, while serving as Crawford County treasurer, he passed away. On 2 January 1892, Franklin P. Walts was appointed by the Board of Commissioners to fill out the unexpired term of Joab Stroud.
Joab is buried near brothers in the new section of Marengo cemetery, while his wife Sarah is buried in the old section of the cemetery near her relatives.
Thomas Stroud first settled on 160 acres of land which was located in Whiskey Run, Crawford County. This land remained in the Stroud family for nearly one hundred years. (The heirs of the late Joab Stroud (Thomas Stroud's youngest son) sold the property to Joseph W. Meloy, from whom it was purchased by Mr. B. F. Whitlow, who later sold it to my uncle Jesse Crecelius who then sold it to the present owner.
Thomas Stroud was born in 1772, in Guilford County, North Carolina. He died near Marengo, Indiana, in 1852, one day after the death of Jane, his second wife. He is buried close to Jane in the Old Section of Marengo Cemetery. Their tombstones have recently been restored. Today, many families of Crawford County carry the Stroud name.
~ The Family History of John and Mary Stroud ~
In 1806 John Stroud and his wife, Mary "Molly" Julian, were part of a colony of 22 families, along with brothers Thomas and Jesse and their families, who in March 1806 settled in southern Indiana, in what is now Orange, Washington, Floyd, and Crawford Counties. This event was noted in the 1876 Historical Atlas of Indiana, Crawford County, p 316. (Orange, Washington, Floyd, Crawford, Harrison and Clark are adjacent Counties in southern Indiana, located north and west of Louisville, KY.) On 28 April 1807, John Stroud is located in adjacent Clark co., which was then Indiana Territory. On that day John and brother Jesse Stroud, each purchased 160 acres from the Registrar of Land Office, Vincennes, Indiana. John purchased the NE 1/4, Section 20, Township 2, Range 5 East. This area is now part of Georgetown, Floyd co., Indiana. Later, in 1810, sister Lydia Stroud Skeen and family would travel to Indiana from Randolph Co. NC., settling in Boone co., Indiana. John's father, Abraham Stroud, is believed to have arrived in Indiana at about this time period with daughter Lydia and her family. In 1812, John purchased additional land located in the Jeffersonville district. John Stroud gave his son Isham/Isom Stroud (1789-c1860) 50 acres on 20 March 1815, then apparently Isom returned the property to John for resale on 1 March 1817.
John Stroud, after selling his property of 160 acres near present day Georgetown, Indiana, is found with a wife and five children in the 1820 census of Orange County, Indiana. In 1843, John continued to purchase property in section thirty of Orange County.
John died in 1847, therefore dividing his assets among four children and their spouses, except for Abram Stroud who was by then a widower. Children sharing in the deed along with Abram was Isaiah, Katherine, and Isham Stroud (his first born and the hero of Tippecanoe). Heirs each received $160.00 to them and their spouses in hand. The land was further divided with one-seventh to each heir listed.
John Stroud (1765-1847) and wife Mary had nine children .
A bonding record of Isom Stroud (1840-1914) (grandson of John Stroud and the youngest son of Isham) indicates he became the constable of Whiskey Run Township, Crawford County, Indiana, 22 April 1869. He was elected to this office, 5 April 1869.
A Deed of Gift, John Stroud to son Isom Stroud.
~ The Family History of Jesse and Jane Stroud ~
~ The Family History of Virgil Beachen and Emma Jane Agan Stroud ~
~ An Historical Question ~
"Why would Thomas Stroud and family travel from North Carolina to Southern Indiana?" would be a reasonable question. A possible answer may be: Indiana was a territory at that time and in order to reach statehood, 60,000 people needed to be in the territory. Therefore, land prices would have been low. The southern states also may have lost many residents to the Indiana Territory because of slavery which they could not accept. In any case, the Thomas Stroud family and others traveling to Indiana Territory from North Carolina were true early pioneers who prepared the way for all Americans today.
For details of those members of the Stroud Family who proudly served their country during the various conflicts that formed this great nation Stroud Men Who Served
~ Direct Ancestors of Lance Stroud ~
The following is a list of my Stroud ancestors:
Thomas and Jane Stroud had eight children, with Annanias Stroud (my direct ancestor) being his second child (1815-1888).
Lance Stroud, May 2007 autumnfarmss(notvalid)@aol.com (Please email me with comments or questions. Copy the email address and remove the (notvalid). Spam protection.)
Links Related to the Stroud Family History
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